js9905com金沙网站Linux LVM逻辑卷管理 调整分区大小

测试机各种报错,创建个目录都报错,df看了一下,发现VolGroup-lv_root 100%,虚拟磁盘满了,怎么办呢

1,解决过程

# df -h //查看分区
# umount /home //取消挂载
# e2fsck -f /dev/mapper/VolGroup-lv_home //分区检测
# resize2fs -p /dev/mapper/VolGroup-lv_home 100G //将lv_home虚拟分区设为100G
# mount /home //挂载home
# df -h //查看分区
# lvreduce -L 100G /dev/mapper/VolGroup-lv_home //释放空间
# vgdisplay //查看可用空间大小
# lvextend -L +311.47G /dev/mapper/VolGroup-lv_root //扩展lv_root虚拟分区
# resize2fs -p /dev/mapper/VolGroup-lv_root //lv_root重设分区大小

LVM(逻辑磁盘管理),灵活性很高.

2,详细解决过程

[root@localhost ~]# df -h
Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/mapper/VolGroup-lv_root 50G 47G 16M 100% /  //lv_root满了
tmpfs 1.9G 72K 1.9G 1% /dev/shm
/dev/sda1 485M 40M 420M 9% /boot
/dev/mapper/VolGroup-lv_home 406G 19G 366G 5% /home  //lv_home空间很多

[root@localhost ~]# resize2fs -p /dev/mapper/VolGroup-lv_home 100G
resize2fs 1.41.12 (17-May-2010)
Filesystem at /dev/mapper/VolGroup-lv_home is mounted on /home; on-line resizing required
On-line shrinking from 107865088 to 65536000 not supported.    //先umount才能resize2fs

[root@localhost ~]# umount /home  //umount home目录

[root@localhost ~]# resize2fs -p /dev/mapper/VolGroup-lv_home 100G
resize2fs 1.41.12 (17-May-2010)
请先运行 'e2fsck -f /dev/mapper/VolGroup-lv_home'.  //提示要先进行磁盘检测

[root@localhost ~]# e2fsck -f /dev/mapper/VolGroup-lv_home
e2fsck 1.41.12 (17-May-2010)
第一步: 检查inode,块,和大小
第二步: 检查目录结构
第3步: 检查目录连接性
Pass 4: Checking reference counts
第5步: 检查簇概要信息
/dev/mapper/VolGroup-lv_home: 1459/16384000 files (4.0% non-contiguous), 5914204/65536000 blocks

[root@localhost ~]# resize2fs -p /dev/mapper/VolGroup-lv_home 100G    //重定大小
resize2fs 1.41.12 (17-May-2010)
Resizing the filesystem on /dev/mapper/VolGroup-lv_home to 26214400 (4k) blocks.
Begin pass 2 (max = 32768)
正在重定位块 XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
Begin pass 3 (max = 2000)
正在扫描inode表 XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
The filesystem on /dev/mapper/VolGroup-lv_home is now 26214400 blocks long.

[root@localhost ~]# mount /home/

[root@localhost ~]# df -h
Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/mapper/VolGroup-lv_root 50G 47G 16M 100% /
tmpfs 1.9G 72K 1.9G 1% /dev/shm
/dev/sda1 485M 40M 420M 9% /boot
/dev/mapper/VolGroup-lv_home 99G 19G 75G 20% /home

[root@localhost ~]# lvreduce -L 100G /dev/mapper/VolGroup-lv_home  //释放空间
 WARNING: Reducing active and open logical volume to 100.00 GiB
 THIS MAY DESTROY YOUR DATA (filesystem etc.)
Do you really want to reduce lv_home? [y/n]: y
 Reducing logical volume lv_home to 100.00 GiB
 Logical volume lv_home successfully resized

[root@localhost ~]# df -h
Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/mapper/VolGroup-lv_root 50G 47G 16M 100% /
tmpfs 1.9G 72K 1.9G 1% /dev/shm
/dev/sda1 485M 40M 420M 9% /boot
/dev/mapper/VolGroup-lv_home 99G 19G 75G 20% /home

[root@localhost ~]# vgdisplay
 --- Volume group ---
 VG Name VolGroup
 System ID
 Format lvm2
 Metadata Areas 1
 Metadata Sequence No 5
 VG Access read/write
 VG Status resizable
 MAX LV 0
 Cur LV 3
 Open LV 3
 Max PV 0
 Cur PV 1
 Act PV 1
 VG Size 465.27 GiB
 PE Size 4.00 MiB
 Total PE 119109
 Alloc PE / Size 39372 / 153.80 GiB
 Free PE / Size 79737 / 311.47 GiB      //空闲空间
 VG UUID Vt2V4t-Byxs-tQqk-cY0h-IDE3-pabX-LUfkRS

[root@localhost ~]# lvextend -L +311.47G /dev/mapper/VolGroup-lv_root  //空闲空间加入到lv_root
 Rounding size to boundary between physical extents: 311.47 GiB
 Extending logical volume lv_root to 361.47 GiB
 Logical volume lv_root successfully resized

[root@localhost ~]# resize2fs -p /dev/mapper/VolGroup-lv_root
resize2fs 1.41.12 (17-May-2010)
Filesystem at /dev/mapper/VolGroup-lv_root is mounted on /; on-line resizing required
old desc_blocks = 4, new_desc_blocks = 23    //这儿要耐心等待,扩大越多,时间越长
Performing an on-line resize of /dev/mapper/VolGroup-lv_root to 94757888 (4k) blocks.
The filesystem on /dev/mapper/VolGroup-lv_root is now 94757888 blocks long.

[root@localhost openfire]# df -h
Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/mapper/VolGroup-lv_root 356G 48G 308G 14% /
tmpfs 1.9G 72K 1.9G 1% /dev/shm
/dev/sda1 485M 40M 420M 9% /boot
/dev/mapper/VolGroup-lv_home 99G 19G 75G 20% /home

  • 使用LVM创建弹性磁盘存储——第一部分  http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2014-10/107697.htm
  • 在Linux中扩展/缩减LVM(第二部分)  http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2014-10/107786.htm
  • 在 LVM中 录制逻辑卷快照并恢复(第三部分) http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2014-11/108867.htm
  • 在LVM中设置精简资源调配卷(第四部分) http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2014-11/109757.htm
  • 使用条块化I/O管理多个LVM磁盘(第五部分) http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2014-12/110532.htm

本文永久更新链接地址:http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2015-08/121664.htm

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